Faroe Islands – a general overview

The Faroe Islands are a self-governing nation within the Kingdom of Denmark. The islands govern independently in a wide range of areas, including taxation and customs, social security, culture, education and research. Currently, Denmark administers monetary, judiciary, police, and defence affairs, family and inheritance law, as well as immigration and border control in the Faroes. An important distinction to note is that the Faroes and Denmark are two different legal territories in terms of immigration regulation.

Furthermore, the Faroe Islands is not part of the European Union, despite Denmark’s membership of the EU. Travel and immigration regulations differ
between the Faroe Islands and Denmark.

A residence permit in the Faroe Islands is not valid for Denmark and a Danish residence permit is not valid for the Faroe Islands.

The Faroese political system is a variation of the Scandinavian type of parliamentarian democracy, with its own democratically elected legislative assembly, Løgtingið, and an executive government, Føroya Landsstýri, headed by the Prime Minister, løgmaður. The core values of Faroese society are, by and large, inspired by European heritage and values. This is reflected by the fact that the European Convention of Human Rights is directly incorporated into Faroese Law.

The Faroes are also subject to the core UN Human Rights Treaties, e.g. the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

We want to highlight that in the Faroe Islands, by law:

• Children and their rights are protected. Everyone is required by law to report any suspected abuse or violence against children to the Child Protection
• Women and men are equal. Domestic violence is illegal and the victim is protected by law regardless of immigration status.
• All people have individual freedom, religious freedom and freedom of expression and association.
• Individuals who operate a vehicle on the road must obey all traffic regulations, at all times.

(Source: New to the Faroe Islands, 2017)